Relationship between memory complaints and memory performance, mood and sociodemographic variables in young adults

M. Montenegro-Peña, P. Montejo, M.D. Claver-Martín, A.I. Reinoso, M.E. de Andrés-Montes, A. García-Marín, M. Llanero-Luque, E. Huertas [REV NEUROL 2013;57:396-404] PMID: 24150951 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33588/rn.5709.2013047 OPEN ACCESS
Volumen 57 | Number 09 | Nº of views of the article 5.913 | Nº of PDF downloads 1.005 | Article publication date 01/11/2013
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ABSTRACT Artículo en español English version
INTRODUCTION Neurological consultations due to memory complaints have increased in recent years in both older and younger people. Few investigations have studied the variables related to memory complaints in young adults.

AIM To analyze, in a sample of young adults, the relationship between memory complaints and objective memory performance, depressive and anxiety symptoms, age, sex and level of studies.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS The study included 582 healthy workers, without cognitive impairment, aged 22-64 years. Assessment: Word List and Family Scenes of Wechsler Memory Scale-III, Memory Failures of Everyday Questionnaire (MFE) and Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale.

RESULTS We did not find any significant association between subjective assessment of memory and objective performance, both immediate and delayed in verbal and visual memory. Depression and anxiety had the highest correlation with MFE. The significant variables in the multiple regression analysis were: depression, with the largest effect size, age, college studies and sex. CONCLUSION. In young adults, those which had a greater perception of daily forgetfulness were not those with lesser memory performance. The most important variables involved in memory complaints were depression and anxiety. Younger people, people with college education and men reported less memory complaints.
KeywordsDepressionMemoryMemory complaints questionnairesMemory failuresMFESubjective memory complaints CategoriesNeuropediatríaNeuropsiquiatría
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