Usefulness of a screening questionnaire for post traumatic stress in a colombian population

D. Pineda, O.L. Guerrero, M.L. Pinilla, M. Estupiñán [REV NEUROL 2002;34:911-916] PMID: 12134318 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33588/rn.3410.2002009 OPEN ACCESS
Volumen 34 | Number 10 | Nº of views of the article 6.558 | Nº of PDF downloads 858 | Article publication date 16/05/2002
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ABSTRACT Artículo en español English version
INTRODUCTION Rating scales for post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) should be consistents with DSM-IV criteria, and should be validate for each culture. OBJECTIVE. To validate a PTSD checklist in a Colombian little town population, which was semi destructed by a guerrilla attack.

PATIENTS AND METHODS A stratified, representative and randomized sample of 202 adult participants, aged over 15 year old, was selected from San Joaquin (Santander-Colombia) two year after an guerrilla attack. A structured interview (SCID-I), based on DSM-IV criteria, was developed with each member of the sample. 76 participants (37.6%) met criteria for PTSD, and 126 (62.4%) were classified as non-PTSD. A rating checklist with 24 symptoms of PTSD was applied by self report. Each item of the scale was scored 1 to 4.

RESULTS PTSD checklist had a reliability Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.97. PTSD group scored 70.4±22.9, and non-PTSD 37.2±13.7 (p< 0.0001) on the PTSD checklist. A discriminant analysis found that the scale had a correctly classification capability of 88.6% (p< 0.0001). Sensibility was found between 76.3% for a cut-off point of 51 and 81.6% for cut off point of 45. Specificity changed between 71.4% for a cut-off point of 45 and 84.4% for a cut-off point of 51. CONCLUSION. Checklist for PTSD had a high reliability, good discriminant capability, and good sensibility and specificity.
KeywordsDiagnosisEpidemiologyMental healthPost traumatic stressQuestionnaireScreening CategoriesNeuropsiquiatríaTraumatismos
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