Discipline styles and co-morbid disorders of adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a longitudinal study

C. Colomer-Diago, C. Berenguer-Forner, R. Tárraga-Mínguez, A. Miranda-Casas [REV NEUROL 2014;58 (Supl. 1):S31-S36] PMID: 25252665 DOI: https://doi.org/10.33588/rn.58S01.2013554 OPEN ACCESS
Volumen 58 | Number S01 | Nº of views of the article 5.950 | Nº of PDF downloads 1.749 | Article publication date 24/02/2014
Icono-PDF-OFF Download PDF Castellano Citation Search in PubMed
Share in: Facebook Twitter
Go to another issue
ABSTRACT Artículo en español English version
INTRODUCTION Problems in cognitive functioning, social and educational development of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to be present in adolescence and adulthood. Although the literature shows a significant relationship between the use of dysfunctional discipline methods and severity in the course of ADHD, follow-up studies have been rare. AIMS. To analyze parenting style and ADHD symptomatology assessed in childhood (time 1) to predict the oppositional behavior and cognitive problems in early adolescence (time 2), and to study, depending on the use of dysfunctional parenting style, the course of oppositional behavior and cognitive problems.

PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-five children with ADHD-combined presentation were assessed in two different moments: time 1 (ages: 6-13) and time 2 (ages: 8-16).

RESULTS Oppositionism and cognitive problems in the follow-up were predicted by dysfunctional discipline styles and ADHD severity (assessed in time 1). Oppositional behavior increased between time 1 and time 2 in children with a dysfunctional parenting, whereas a decrease on oppositional symptoms was observed in the functional parenting group (time × discipline interaction effect).

CONCLUSIONS Dysfunctional parenting practices in childhood predicted cognitive and behavioral problems associated in adolescence. The findings have implications for the planning of interventions.
KeywordsADHDCognitive problemsDiscipline stylesLongitudinal studyOppositional behavior CategoriesNeuropediatríaNeuropsicologíaNeuropsiquiatría
FULL TEXT (solo disponible en lengua castellana / Only available in Spanish)