Laryngeal dystonia: novel forms of therapeutic administration of botulinum toxin by direct routes
Aim. To describe our experience in the treatment of laryngeal dystonia (in abduction and adduction), with special emphasis given to the technical aspects (approach procedure, dosage and type of botulinum toxin type A used), as well as treatment response and possible side effects.
Patients and methods. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of a sample of patients with laryngeal dystonia treated by means of transoral administration of onabotulinumtoxinA or incobotulinumtoxinA over a period of 10 years (2007-2017). Data collected include demographic and clinical variables, treatment response (based on a self-rating scale), the duration of treatment and the appearance of side effects.
Results. Sample size: 15 patients (11 women; mean age: 44.06 years) with laryngeal dystonia (mean time since onset of 40 months; 12 patients with dystonia in adduction) and 174 administrations (92% incobotulinumtoxinA; average dosage of 5 U in each vocal cord). The procedure took an average of 11.7 minutes to perform. Response was good in 31% of the procedures and very good in 57.5%. Side effects were recorded in 14.4% of the procedures, although always mild and transitory, with a predominance of dysphagia and dysphonia.
Conclusion. In our experience, transoral administration of botulinum toxin type A to treat laryngeal dystonia has proved to be a simple, quick, effective and safe technique.
Key words. Botulinum toxin A. Dystonia. Laryngeal dystonia. Therapeutic administration. Treatment.