Epidemiology of essential tremor
Introduction. Essential tremor is one of the pathologies with more proportional weight in neurology consultations. However, compared to other neurodegenerative diseases, little is known about its prevalence and, in particular, its incidence and mortality, as well as which are the genetic, environmental, and biological factors of etiological importance.
Aims. To present the most relevant data on the descriptive epidemiology (prevalence, incidence, and mortality) of essential tremor. Likewise, some of the main risk or protective factors of this disease (analytical epidemiology) that have been suggested mainly thanks to the data obtained from large population cohorts will be discussed.
Development. We analysed the most significant population studies, especially those carried out through door-to-door methodology, and the most relevant analytical studies.
Conclusions. Data on the epidemiology of essential tremor are still limited. Estimates of the prevalence of essential tremor vary widely across countries, which makes it difficult to accurately establish its prevalence. Even so, its prevalence increases with age; that is, it is a disease linked to aging. In subjects older than 60 years, essential tremor prevalence would be between 2.3-14.3% (median: 6.3%). However, further studies are needed in this regard, mainly studies of incidence and mortality. In recent years, advances have been made in the knowledge of some environmental factors, such as risk factors, especially the harmanes.
Key words. Epidemiology. Essential tremor. Incidence. Mortality. Prevalence. Revision. Risk factors.