INTRODUCTION Included under the heading of limb girdle muscular dystrophy is a heterogeneous group of myopathies which share the same phenotype characteristics. The illness is of early onset, progressive and basically involves muscles of the shoulder and pelvic girdles. Recent identification of muscle proteins and the genes which codify them has led to new classification of these conditions according to their genetic characteristics. It is currently accepted that there are two major groups: the dominant and recessive forms. The latter includes type 2C limb girdle muscular dystrophy associated with chromosome 13, where the gene for gsarcoglycan is found. This protein belongs to the glycoprotein complex associated with dystrophin. Recently a new mutation has been identified, the C283Y, exclusive to the Gypsy race, which affects this gene and therefore the alterations in gsarcoglycan produced by it. CLINICAL CASE. We describe two patients, Gypsy brothers, who complained of myopathy, which they had had for some years, compatible with this condition and in whom the C283Y mutation had recently been detected.